The Mufti is the official head of the Muftiate and is elected by the Council of Ulemas, which consists of 30 Islamic clerics and students. A Muftiate-established commission reviews and standardizes Islamic instructional literature printed and distributed in the country and reviews new books on Islamic themes prior to publication. The Muftiate has the authority to ban publications that do not meet the established standards, an initiative it started and the Government helps. The Government acknowledges two Muslim holy days (Kurman Ait or Eid al-Adha, and Orozo Ait or Eid al-Fitr) and one Russian Orthodox holy day (Orthodox Christmas) as national holidays.
The 1997 Law on Religious Freedom and Religious Organizations forbids the educating of religion (or atheism) in public schools. In 2001 the Government instructed the SCRA to draw up applications for training clergy and to prepare methodologies for instructing about non secular teams in public faculties. These instructions came in response to considerations in regards to the spread of Wahhabism and what the Government thought of unconventional non secular sects.
The President appoints the Director, and the Prime Minister appoints the deputies of the company. In June 2006 SARA moved its offices to the city of Osh within the south to be closer to the more spiritual a part of the country.
Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, environmental regulation is basically unchanged in Turkmenistan. The new government created the Ministry of Natural Resources Use and Environmental Protection in July 1992, with departments liable for environmental safety, safety of flora and fauna, forestry, hydrometeorology, and administrative planning. Like different CIS republics, Turkmenistan has established an Environmental Fund based on revenues collected from environmental fines, however the fines generally are too low to build up important revenue. Summers are lengthy (from May through September), sizzling, and dry, whereas winters typically are delicate and dry, though occasionally cold and damp within the north.
In January 2006, one-third of the country’s elderly had their pensions discontinued, while another 200,000 had theirs decreased. Pensions obtained through the prior two years were ordered paid again to the state. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan strongly denied allegations that the cut in pensions resulted in the turkmenistan women deaths of many aged Turkmens, accusing foreign media outlets of spreading “intentionally perverted” information on the difficulty. On 19 March 2007 Turkmenistan’s new president Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow reversed Niyazov’s determination by restoring pensions to greater than a hundred,000 aged citizens.
Most precipitation falls between January and May; precipitation is slight all through the country, with annual averages starting from 300 millimeters (eleven.eight in) in the Kopet Dag to 80 millimeters (3.15 in) within the northwest. The capital, Ashgabat, close to the Iranian border in south-central Turkmenistan, averages 225 millimeters (8.9 in) of rainfall yearly. Average annual temperatures vary from 17.1 °C (sixty two.8 °F) in Ashgabat to 12.8 °C (fifty five.0 °F) in Daşoguz, on the Uzbek border in north-central Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea to the west, Iran and Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the north-east, and Kazakhstan to the north-west. It is the southernmost republic of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the free federation created at the finish of 1991 by many of the Post-Soviet states.
The Church of Jesus Christ is the nation’s largest Protestant church with approximately 10 affiliates and an estimated 11 thousand members, of whom approximately forty percent are ethnic Kyrgyz. Other Protestant congregations embody Baptists, Pentecostals, Lutherans, nondenominational Protestants, Presbyterians, and Charismatics. The CIA Factbook estimates 7 percent of the inhabitants are Christian, including 3 p.c Russian Orthodox. The nation has forty four Russian Orthodox church buildings, 1 Russian Orthodox monastery for girls, and 1 parochial college.
Established in 1993, the Muftiate (or Spiritual Administration of Muslims of Kyrgyzstan-SAMK) is the highest Islamic managing body within the country. The Muftiate oversees all Islamic entities, together with institutes and madrassahs, mosques, and Islamic organizations.
The President and the Government ship greetings to Muslims and Orthodox adherents on their major holy days, and the greetings are printed within the mass media. Other religious teams account for a very small share of the population. The Seventh-day Adventist Church operates 30 churches throughout the nation. The Roman Catholics hold providers in three church buildings, located in Jalalabad, Talas, and Bishkek. The small Jewish community operates one synagogue in Bishkek, and it organizes inside cultural studies and humanitarian services, mainly meals assistance for the elderly and individuals with disabilities regardless of religion.
The SCRA turned to a variety of non secular organizations for their ideas on introducing religious training; their response generally was negative, as they most popular to retain duty for the spiritual schooling of their adherents. SARA indicated that it was nonetheless creating a curriculum to show about non secular groups, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education and several other academic institutions. An August 9, 2006 press report indicated that the Government deliberate to introduce spiritual education into the secondary faculty curriculum; nevertheless, there had been no implementation of this plan by the top of the reporting period. Under the auspices of the Muftiate, volunteers known as Davatchi visited villages within the south to show conventional Islamic values. SARA is accountable under the legislation for selling non secular tolerance, defending freedom of conscience, and overseeing the appliance of laws on religion.